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Biomedical Science and Research Journals | Rhabdomyolysis After Cocaine Consumption-Case Report

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  Rhabdomyolysis After Cocaine Consumption-Case Report Abstract Objective:  Rhabdomyolysis, a potentially fatal syndrome, is characterized by degradation of muscular skeletal tissue trigger fatal complications such as acute renal failure. Methods:  Clinical evaluation and biochemical measurements were performed on a Brazilian soldier after he was admitted at the emergency department of the Military Hospital of Manaus in August 2014. A 23-year-old soldier reported having consumed about six grams of cocaine. Results:  Clinical laboratory measurement of serum showed a significant increase in the levels of indirect markers of muscle lysis. Serum creatine kinase fraction MM (CK) level increased up to 99.500 U/L and creatine kinase MB fraction (CK-MB) up to 6.500U/L. Changes in electrolytes also increased (sodium=1.730mmol/L, potassium=42.1mmol/L, phosphorus =48.3mg/dl, chlorine =1.243mmol/L and magnesium=36.1mg/dl). Changes in kidney functions also occurred (urea =302.6mg/dl and creatinine=

Biomedical Science and Research Journals | A Comparison of Traditional Ultrasound with, Sustained Accoustic, Medicine (SAM)

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  A Comparison of Traditional Ultrasound with, Sustained Accoustic, Medicine (SAM) Introduction Therapeutic ultrasound is one of the most common deep heating modalities used by physical therapists, athletic trainers, and occupational therapists [ 1 ]. Its thermal effects are treatment of soft tissue injuries [ 2 ], relieving a muscle contraction [ 3 ], restoration of range of motion [ 4 ], an increase in collagen extensibility [ 5 ], aiding in collagen alignment and increased wound strength [ 6 , 7 ]. The non-thermal effects of ultrasound include increased histamine release [ 8 ], increased phagocytosis [ 9 ], increased protein synthesis, [ 10 ] tissue regeneration [ 11 , 12 ], wound healing [ 11 ], increased fibroblasts and vascular regeneration [ 12 ]. Therapeutic ultrasound uses high frequency, inaudible, acoustic vibrations to produce these thermal and non-thermal physiological effects. Unfortunately, despite its common use, therapeutic ultrasound is often misunderstood and misused

Biomedical Science and Research Journals | The Effectiveness of Virtual Reality in the Rehabilitation of Balance and Gait in Children with Cerebral Palsy: Mini-Review

  The Effectiveness of Virtual Reality in the Rehabilitation of Balance and Gait in Children with Cerebral Palsy: Mini-Review Abstract Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common physical disability in newborn and children. The child’s functioning and development strategies are affected by a variety neuromuscular and musculoskeletal impairments. Gait and postural control disfunctions are common in children with cerebral palsy and depend on the impairments of the neuromuscular and musculoskeletal systems. Balance and gait training are important for most daily activities and helps children recover from balance problems, helps to participation in daily life activities and improvment in quality of life. Treatment programs commonly includes streching, strengthening, positioning, casting, and the facilitation of correct movement and normal postural strategies. In last decades, computer based games (virtual reality training) are used to create interactive play environments in order to achieve spec

Biomedical Science and Research Journals | Supplementation of Optimum Nutrient-Dense Formula to Modulate HIV Infection in Resource Limited Settings

  Supplementation of Optimum Nutrient-Dense Formula to Modulate HIV Infection in Resource Limited Settings Abstract HIV infection attenuates food intake and increases energy requirements through increases in resting energy expenditure. Equally, it triggers nutrient mal-absorption, negative nitrogen balance and metabolic alterations that lead to weight loss and wasting. Substantiating evidences from the literature highlighted the role of nutrient-dense meals in enhancing nutrition status of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and improving some HIVrelated outcomes. Despite limited resources, West African countries are renowned with various micro and macronutrients in commonly available food sources which contain antioxidants and relevant essential vitamins and minerals. Such food sources need to be appropriately analyzed vis-a-vis their potentials for use in the management of HIV/AIDS. Hence, nutrition intervention programs that employed nutrient-dense meals -NDMs [e.g. Amtewa meal] were eff