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Biomedical Science and Research Journals | Will the Modern Technology ever Catch up with the ‘God’s Formula’ of Dietary Fiber?

  Will the Modern Technology ever Catch up with the ‘God’s Formula’ of Dietary Fiber? Opinion The history of dietary fiber began back in ancient Europe during Hippocratic era, where function of wheat bran was already known as a laxative. The development of powdering system in France during 18 th  century has led to a debate between white bread and brown bread. However, this debate was based solely on their nutritional values, and depended on the opinions of food manufacturing companies and certain dietitians, thus the significance of dietary fiber was not well explored. In the USA,  Kellogg  et al. [ 1 ] had found a great interest in the function of wheat bran and advanced the scientific research on it. During the process, Williams et al. [ 2 ] have found that although cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin are degraded in digestive tracts, they increase the amount of stool and softens it. Also,  McCarrison  [ 3 ] concluded from the research that eating whole-wheat bread, beans and fruits

Biomedical Science and Research Journals | Real-Time Three-Dimensional Reconstruction of Intraoperative Liver Surface Based on Structured Light Technique

  Real-Time Three-Dimensional Reconstruction of Intraoperative Liver Surface Based on Structured Light Technique Mini Review The incidence of liver tumor is increasing year by year, and liver tumor resection is a routine operation for liver lesions. Liver tumor resection is more difficult than general surgery, mainly reflected in the liver itself is easy to deform, vascular density, complex structure and other aspects [ 1 ]. If the three-dimensional information of the liver surface can be obtained in real time during the operation, it will be helpful for doctors to observe the cutting status of the liver surface in real time and avoid the possibility of being cut by mistake to a large extent. Clinical studies have shown that failure to accurately locate the focal point of the liver during surgery, to obtain real-time three-dimensional information on the liver surface and to plan the surgical path are the most important reasons for the failure of such surgery [ 2 ]. Traditional liver tu

Biomedical Science and Research Journals | New Understanding of Fanconi Anemia Signaling Network upon Studying FANCD2

  New Understanding of Fanconi Anemia Signaling Network upon Studying FANCD2 Abstract The Fanconi Anemia (FA) pathway is activated upon replication stress and DNA damage. With the accumulated studies, this pathway has emerged as a fundamental signaling network to defend genome stability. The Fanconi Anemia complementation group D2 protein (FANCD2) sits at the center of the pathway, orchestrating many players to prevent our genome from going awry, leading to diseases including cancer. Here, we highlight recent advances in our understanding of FA signaling, emphasizing on a rarely known form of FANCD2, FANCD2-V2. Fanconi Anemia Fanconi anemia is a rare genetic disease, characterized by developmental and physical abnormalities, bone marrow failure and increased cancer susceptibility [ 1 ,  2 ,  3 ,  4 ,  5 ,  6 ,  7 ,  8 ,  9 ]. The majority of children with FA are likely to develop myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia (AML), while adults are predisposed to head and neck squ

Biomedical Science and Research Journals | The Right Little Fingerprint of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

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  The Right Little Fingerprint of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Abstract In the frequency of NCIC FPC patterns, there is a range in the spectrum. The populous direction is one percent or greater. Anything less than one present is on the other side in the series. We must note the infinite regions of both sides of the confines. When a pattern falls in the million frequency or greater of less than one percent, it is in a category for further scrutiny. In as much as the brain and fingerprints develop simultaneously, we have a comparison between the thought processes of those from each side of the scale between two extreme or opposite points. Individuals on the unpopulous side of the spectrum may display dermal ridge arrangements reflecting a different time in the evolution of fingerprint patterns. As such, their natural thinking may be different from those of the populous direction ( Figure 1 ). Keywords:  Dr. MLK, Jr Tented Arch; Fingerprint, Left Little; NCIC FPC Frequency Introductio

Biomedical Science and Research Journals | Heavy Metals in Barnacles Balanus Sp.: From Biomonitoring to Coastal Management

  Heavy Metals in Barnacles  Balanus Sp. : From Biomonitoring to Coastal Management Abstract This study determined the levels of Cd, Cu, Fe, Ni, and Zn in the soft tissues and shells of barnacles ( Balanus sp .) collected from the Kuala Juru, Sebatu, Sg. Ayam and Kg. Pasir Puteh, Peninsular Malaysia, obtained in 2008. The metal concentrations (μg/g dry weight) in the soft tissues of  Balanus sp . received from four sites in Peninsular Malaysia ranged from 2.93-4.17 for Cd, 20.2-92.5 for Cu, 480-1193 for Fe, 6.40-18.0 for Ni, and 224-414 for Zn. Based on the present data, the trace metal bioavailability’s to the Balanus in all the populations, especially in a known polluted site at Kg. Pasir Puteh is low. Overall, this preliminary baseline data can be used for regular ecological monitoring for the effective management of the coastal area in Malaysia. Keywords:  Barnacles; Heavy metals; Coastal waters of peninsular Malaysia Introduction The first preliminary study on the heavy metal conc