Biomedical Science & Research Journals | A Synopsis of Different Plant LRR-RLKs Structures and Functionality

As sessile organism plants are exposed to multiple environmental threats. Unlike animals, they lack mobile immune cells. Hence, to safeguard themselves from a range of pathogens, plants come by a multi-tiered innate immune system [1,2]. The first line of defense mechanism is the recognition of the pathogen by detecting pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) or microbial-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) which are either extracellularly exposed or secreted extremely conserved pathogen- derived molecules [1,3]. This recognition is achieved by a cognate plant cell-surface pattern-recognition receptor (PRR). Once the invading pathogen’s microbial signature ‘PAMP’ is recognized by the PRR, the plant cell initiates signaling cascades via the mitogen- activated protein kinase (MAPK). This first line of the plant defense mechanism is referred to as pattern-triggered immunity (PTI) [4- 8].

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